The term automated refers to the study of robotic, i.e. those machines used to do various works; some robots can do the work on their own, while others need someone to teach them what to do constantly.
NASA uses robots in multiple ways, for example, using robotic arms in spacecraft to move massive objects into space. In addition, spacecraft that travel between worlds are robots that receive instructions from humans and then implement them on their own, including this type of mobile robot used to explore the surface of Mars.
Robotic aircraft are those capable of flying drones on board. Nasa continues to research new patterns of robots capable of working with and assisting humans.
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3D illustration. Robotic hand holding a gear. Concept of mechanical engineering and automation.
NASA uses robotic arms to move large objects into space, for example, the can alarm, which was first used in the space shuttle’s second mission in 1981. The larger version uses Canadarm2 on the International Space Station. The space shuttle used its robotic arm in many tasks:
Satellite launch or recovery: For example, the robotic arm was used to capture the Hubble space telescope on five different maintenance missions.
Help build space stations: the shuttle and the space station’s arms work side by side to help make the station, using robotic arms to transport new station parts to their location. They can be used to transport astronauts around the station during their space tour.
The space station’s arm can move from position to different locations in the station, as it can move along the station’s outer surface just as the worm crawls as one end is attached at each transmission.
The International Station also has a robotic hand called Dexter Dextre that can also accomplish more minor tasks.
The astronaut or anyone in mission management must take control of these robotic arms, using arm spin controls that look like controls used in video games.
NASA uses robots to explore the solar system and the universe. All vehicles and spacecraft exploring other worlds are robots, including cars. And mobile spacecraft that roam the surface of other planets, with Spirit & Opportunity a prime example of this type of robot.
Other spacecraft hovering around different worlds for study from space also include Cassini, which studies Saturn, its moons and rings. And Voyager and Pioneer spacecraft are now launched outside the Earth’s solar system.
These robots are functionally independent other than the robotic arm of the space station, which means they can operate on their own, relying on orders sent from humans using powerful computers and antennas to be received by space robots with antennas as well to determine what to do, and then the space robot performs orders.
NASA uses many uncrewed aircraft called UAVs for the term uncrewed aerial vehicle. They do not carry a pilot; some can fly using a remote control operated by pilots on Earth. While others can fly alone with only some simple guidance.
You can study dangerous places without risking people’s lives: for example, UAVs can be used to take pictures of a volcano. They can fly long distances without having to land. They can also be smaller and lighter than others because they don’t carry a pilot.
NASA is developing new robots that can help people in space, for example, the idea of a robot called Robonaut, a robot with the upper body of the human body (chest, head and arms), which can work outside the spacecraft like an astronaut on its space tour. Using its wheels or any other mode of action that Robonaut can work on the moon or on other worlds, and can also work alongside and help astronauts.
Spheres are another example of these robots, small, slightly football-like robots currently used on the space station to test the quality of their transmission in low gravity situations. And similar robots are expected to be launched inside the space station to help astronauts one day.
Nasa is conducting a study on the possibility of launching other robots, and an example is providing the space station with an internal miniature version of the external robotic station arm. Which could help in emergencies. For example, a doctor on Earth could control the robotic arm to operate on a seriously injured astronaut.
This technology can also help on the ground; doctors can use their expertise to help people remotely in remote areas.
Robots can also exist used as a reconnaissance team tasked with researching and identifying new areas suitable for exploration. Which can capture images and identify terrain, helping scientists and engineers develop better exploration plans.
And can exist used to investigate risks and identify areas most suitable for both walkings. Driving and stopping. Assisting astronauts in working safer and faster. The work of humans and robots together facilitates the study of the universe and different worlds.
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